When defining and classifying normal and abnormal behavior in psychology, culture is one of the challenges that a therapist faces when assessing a client (Nairne, 2008). This is because a certain disorder is classified differently by people from different cultures.
This looks at the effects of the behavior problems either to the wellbeing of an individual or any social group. We have to remember that defining abnormality is usually limited by cultural differences. This means that what may be classed as normal in one culture could be defined as extremely abnormal in another and this limits the definitions.
While classifying the abnormal behaviour one has to deal with a wide range of maladaptive responses. Besides, the symptoms of different mental diseases may be very similar but the causes may be quite different. Two types of classifications presented by Page and Coleman will be discussed here.
Under this definition of abnormality, a person's trait, thinking or behavior is classified as abnormal if it is rare or statistically unusual. With this definition it is necessary to be clear about how rare a trait or behavior needs to be before we class it as abnormal.
Abnormal behavior is classified into four different categories. The characteristics of these categories consist of statistical deviance, cultural deviance, emotional distress, and dysfunction. Each behavior has specific characteristics as reasons for their classifications.
This definition states that abnormal behaviour is when an individual is not able to cope with everyday life. It acknowledges that people may act differently but if they have a basic inability to manage in everyday life their behaviour is abnormal.
Abnormal behaviour is seen as deviation from implicit rules about how one ought to behave. This approach takes into account the effect behaviour has on others as well. This means that to a certain extent this approach has been successful in defining abnormality. In India it is deemed normal for girls as young as 9 years of age to marry much.
Defining Abnormality Paper. Explore challenges in defining and classifying normal and abnormal behavior. Elaborate these challenges in a situational context, culture, and mind and body.. Cloud Essays is a database of high school, college, undergraduate and postgraduate essays and papers.
Strengths of the definition. Intuitive: The idea that abnormality is when something does not occur, as stated by this definition, often is an accepted definition for the word and makes sense. Objective: The mathematical nature of this definition means that it is clear what is defined as abnormal and what is not. There is no opinion involved which means there is no bias.
Abnormality can be defined in terms of standards of social behaviour. For example, it is acceptable to wear very little clothing on a beach, but not when walking down the high street. Such standards are socially agreed and culturallybased, though there are many cross-cultural similarities.
Currently, in the DSM-5 (the fifth edition), abnormal behavior is generally defined as behavior that violates a norm in society, is maladaptive, is rare given the context of the culture and environment, and is causing the person distress in their daily life.
Abnormal: The concept of abnormality is defined as the simple exaggeration or perverted development of the normal psychological behaviour. In other words, it deals with the usual behaviour of man. The unusual or maladapted behaviour of many persons which do not fit into our common forms of behaviour is known as abnormal behaviour.
Explain the problems inherent in defining abnormal behavior. Abnormal Behavior. There are several criteria researchers consider before defining behavior as abnormal. For one, the behavior should.
In terms of social norms, abnormal behaviour can be seen as behaviour that deviates from or violates social norms. The key weakness of the deviation of social norms is cultural relativity. Social norms by their very definition are specific to a particular culture or society so a behaviour seen as a deviation in one society may appear acceptable but may not be accepted in other society.
The last abnormality is a measure of deviant behavior. Such behavior sometimes does occur without the presence of a mental disorder. Other combinations such as dysfunction, distress, inept responses and distorted processes cause harm to individuals. These abnormalities may change as social norms.
Challenging behaviour is defined as: “Culturally abnormal behaviour(s) of such an intensity, frequency or duration that the physical safety of the person or others is likely to be placed in serious jeopardy, or behaviour which is likely to seriously limit use of, or result in the person being denied access to, ordinary community facilities.”.
Problems Defining Abnormality Below are four observations that illustrate problems for some of the definitions of abnormality we have been looking at. Read each example and assess which definition or definitions are affected. Write a short explanation of why the example poses a problem for the definitions you have identified.
One of the most widely quoted definitions of behaviour that challenges is provided by Professor Eric Emerson, a well-respected psychologist in the field of behavioural interventions. He defines the term behaviour that challenges as: “ culturally abnormal behaviour of such intensity, frequency.
One fascinating aspect of psychology is the subsection known as abnormal psychology. This essay will define what abnormal psychology is; outline the various criteria used to define abnormal behavior and discuss the differences between Psychiatrists, Clinical Psychologists, and Social Workers. First we must define what abnormal psychology is.